İngilizce seviyemiz ne olursa olsun kendimizi ifade etmede sadelikten yana olmalıyız. Buradaki basit ingilizce metinler her ne kadar başlangıç sevieysindeki arkadaşlar için hazırlansa da, dilde sadeliği anlamak açısından herkesin işine yarayabilir. Seçilen bu metinlerdeki cümleler ne kadar basit gelse de tekrar edildiğinde aktif dil kullanım faaliyetlerimizde (ingilizce metin yazma, ve ingilizce konuşma) bizi zor durumlardan kurtaracak yapılar içermektedir. Gelin birlikte okuyalım.
Linda wants to buy a new car. She has an old car. Her old car is a white Honda. Linda wants to buy a new Honda. She wants to buy a new red Honda. She has saved $1,000. She will use $1,000 to help buy the new car. She will give $1,000 to the Honda dealer. The Honda dealer will give her a contract to sign. The contract will require her to pay $400 a month for seven years. Her new red Honda will cost Linda a lot of money. But that’s okay, because Linda makes a lot of money.
Laura looked out the window. A storm was coming. The sky was getting darker. The wind was starting to blow. Some trees were bending. Leaves were flying through the air. It was getting cold. She closed all the windows. She went outside. Her car was in the street. She closed the windows in her car. She locked her car. She went back into her house. She turned on the TV. She wanted to see the news about the storm. The TV person said it was a big storm. He said it would rain a lot. He told people to stay home.
Donald plays the piano. He loves the piano. He has a big piano in his living room. His piano is shiny and black. It has three legs. He sits on a bench to play the piano. The bench has four legs. His piano has 88 keys. The keys are black and white. Donald has ten fingers. His ten fingers play music on the 88 piano keys. The piano also has three pedals. Donald uses his two feet on the three pedals. He uses both of his hands and both of his feet to play the piano. He also uses both of his eyes to play the piano.
Brian has a fast car. He drives his car fast. He never gets a ticket. His car is too fast for the police. They chase him, but they can’t catch him. Brian always escapes from the police. The police want to catch him. But their cars are too slow. Brian’s car is very fast. He likes to drive over 100 mph. When he sees the police, he waves to the police. The police turn on their sirens. They turn on their red lights. They chase after Brian. Brian speeds up. He passes all the other cars on the road. He escapes from the police.
When does Ronald eat breakfast? He eats breakfast in the morning. What does he eat for breakfast? He eats ham and eggs. What does he drink for breakfast? He drinks coffee. Where does he eat breakfast? He eats breakfast at home. Who makes breakfast for Ronald? His wife makes breakfast for him. Why does Ronald eat breakfast? Because food gives him energy. What does he do after he eats breakfast? He brushes his teeth. What does he do after he brushes his teeth? He goes to work. Which bus does he take to work? He takes the city bus to work.
Mike was ready for bed. It was 11 o’clock. He had to get up early the next day. The next day he was going fishing. Fish wake up early. They look for food early in the day. They look for food late in the day. The best time to fish is early or late in the day. That is when the fish are hungry. Mike set his alarm. He set his alarm for 5 o’clock. The next day he would start fishing at 6 o’clock. He wanted to catch four or five fish. If he caught four or five fish, he could eat fresh fish all week. Fresh fish is the best fish. Mike went to bed.
It was summer. Swim classes were beginning. She didn’t know how to swim. She wanted to learn. She called up the pool. “Do you teach adults how to swim?” she asked. The instructor said, “Yes, we teach adults how to swim. We teach kids how to swim. We teach everyone how to swim.” She asked how much. “How much do you charge?” she asked. “We charge only $25 for adults,” the instructor said. She gave him her name. He put her name on the swim class list. “You are on the swim class list,” he said. “Your first lesson is Saturday at noon. Bring $25 and a towel.” She asked, “That’s all I need to bring?” He said, “I’m sorry. Bring your swimsuit, too.”
The country is full of criminals. Criminals are in every city. Criminals are on every block. They break all the laws. They don’t care about the laws. There are thousands of laws. The criminals break all the laws. They laugh when they break the laws. The police watch the criminals. They try to arrest the criminals. The criminals shoot at the police. They kill the police. Last week they shot down a police helicopter. The helicopter crashed to the ground. The criminals ran over to the helicopter. All the policemen on the helicopter were dead. The criminals stole the guns from the dead policemen. They walked away from the helicopter. They were laughing.
He couldn’t find his pen. Where is my pen, he wondered. He looked for his pen. It was on top of the microwave. He couldn’t find his cell phone. Where is my cell phone, he wondered. He looked for his cell phone. It was on top of the TV. He couldn’t find his glasses. Where are my glasses, he wondered. He looked for his glasses. They were on top of his head. I’m tired of looking for everything, he thought. He invented a tiny video recorder. It recorded everything he did. It recorded everywhere he went. He couldn’t find his toothbrush. Where is my toothbrush, he wondered. He played his tiny video recorder. He found his toothbrush. He didn’t have to look for it.
He drove to the supermarket. He was out of food. He had no food in his refrigerator. He had no food in his cupboards. He needed to buy some food. He hoped he would find a sale. A sale would save him money. He walked into the supermarket. He walked over to the produce section. The apples were on sale. The bananas were on sale. It was his lucky day. He loved apples. He loved bananas. The apples were only one dollar a pound. The regular price was $2.50 a pound. The bananas were only 49 cents a pound. The regular price was 89 cents a pound. He bought four pounds of apples. He bought four pounds of bananas. Then he walked over to the dairy section. Maybe the milk was on sale, too. (credit: rong-chang.com)
Bizim dil eğitimimize baktığımızda gerek Türkçe gerekse İngilizce uzun ve karmaşık cümleler kurmaya doğru bir eğilim görürüz. Dile hakim olunduğunda böyle bir eğilim kabul edilebilir olsa da, dile tam hakim olunmadan kurulan uzun cümleler hem yazılı hem de sözlü ifadelerimizde bizi çoğu zaman sıkıntıya sokar. İşte bu nedenle basitlik ve sadeleğin hem kendimizi ifade etmede hem de karşı tarafın bizi algılamasında çok daha etkin bir yol olduğunu unutmamalı ve mümkün olduğunca sade bir dil kullanmalıyız. Basit ingilizce metinler bu pratiğimizi geliştirmede çok önemlidir. Etrafımıza baktığımızda herkesin konuşurken cümle yapılarını karmaşıklaştırdığını görürüz. Basit konuşmak utanılacak bir şeymiş gibi görünür. Ancak konuşmada basitlik her zaman daha akıcı ve anlaşılır konuşmanın yolunu açar…