İngilizce Zamanlar (Tense) – Özet

Published last year in İngilizce Gramer - 0 Comments

İngilizce’de zamanların (tenses) ve modal yardımcı fiillerinin özet tablosu…

PAST PRESENT FUTURE MODALS
PAST SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE WOULD
Active: I worked, I was late, I went to work, Passive: The meeting was cancelled Finished action. Ago, yesterday, last week, then, before, just now, 20th June Active: I work in Angers Passive: The work is done Permanent facts, habits, repeated actions, feelings, opinions, appearance The flight leaves at 8pm every night Planned times Active: I would love some tea Passive: the tea would be drunk Polite offers & requests, ability, probability
PAST CONTINUOUS PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT CONTINUOUS CAN
Active: I was working all day! I was leaving when I saw him. Passive: The traffic was being stopped when I arrived Background actions interrupted by a sudden event, duration important. Just, when Active: I am working tomorrow Passive: The work is being done Actions happening now / during the period, temporary / changing situations. I’m going to Spain tomorrow Definite intentions or plans happening soon. We have all the details Active: I can swim Passive: the letter can be typed Ability, permission, request, possibility
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE IMPERATIVE GOING TO COULD
Active: I have done the report, they have gone home Passive: The meeting has been cancelled Past event with a result important in the present. News Time not important. For, since, already, before, ever, just, often, lately, seldom, recently, frequently, sometimes, never, this week, this month, yet Work hard! I’m going to go to Spain next year. Predictions, intentions or plans where we don’t have all the details. Active: I could help you Passive: the dog could be lost Polite request, past tense of can, ability, possibility
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS   FUTURE SIMPLE SHOULD / OUGHT TO
Active: I have been working here since 1999. Passive: rarely used Activity started in the past and continues today or has just finished. Focus on activity or duration not result. For, since.   Active: I’ll send him an email Passive: The email will be sent. Promise, offer, spontaneous decision Active: I should leave Passive:The food should be eaten Probability, suggestion, moral obligation, recommendation, reproach (neg),
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE   FUTURE CONTINUOUS MUST
Active: I had already left when he arrived. Passive: He told me the meeting had been cancelled One action before another in the past. Reporting a conversation. If only, I wish.   Active: I will be leaving at 6 today. Passive: rarely used Announcing or describing a planned action. Active: I must leave Passive: the food must be eaten Obligation (internal), certitude, prohibition (neg),
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS   FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE HAVE TO
Active: He had been driving for 6 hours when he crashed. Passive: rarely used Activity happening when something else happened. Focus on activity or duration not result.   Active: I will have eaten dinner before you arrive. Passive: The food will have been eaten. Active: You have to park here Passive: It had to be eaten Obligation (external), lack of obligation (neg)
    FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS MAY / MIGHT
    Active: On Friday, I will have been working here for 5 years. Passive: rarely used Active: You may park here Passive: The food might be eaten May =, possibility permission, refusal (neg), offers, requests Might = permission, eventuality, suggestion, reproach

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